De ziua marelui poet national Mihai Eminescu


Mihai Eminescu
Luceafărul

A fost odată ca-n poveşti,
A fost ca niciodată.
Din rude mari împărăteşti,
O prea frumoasă fată.

Şi era una la părinţi
Şi mândră-n toate cele,
Cum e Fecioara între sfinţi
Şi luna între stele.

Din umbra falnicelor bolţi
Ea pasul şi-l îndreaptă
Lângă fereastră, unde-n colţ
Luceafărul aşteaptă.

Privea în zare cum pe mări
Răsare şi străluce,
Pe mişcătoarele cărări
Corăbii negre duce.

Îl vede azi, îl vede mâini,
Astfel dorinţa-i gata;
El iar, privind de săptămâni,
Îi cade draga fată.

Cum ea pe coate-şi răzima
Visând ale ei tâmple,
De dorul lui şi inima
Şi sufletu-i se împle.

Şi cât de viu s-aprinde el
În orişicare sară,
Spre umbra negrului castel
Când ea o să-i apară.

Şi pas cu pas pe urma ei
Alunecă-n odaie,
Ţesând cu recile-i scântei
O mreajă de văpaie.

Şi când în pat se-ntinde drept
Copila să se culce,
I-atinge mâinile pe piept,
I-nchide geana dulce;

Şi din oglindă luminiş
Pe trupu-i se revarsă,
Pe ochii mari, bătând închişi
Pe faţa ei întoarsă.

Ea îl privea cu un surâs,
El tremura-n oglindă,
Căci o urma adânc în vis
De suflet să se prindă.

Iar ea vorbind cu el în somn,
Oftând din greu suspină:
– O, dulce-al nopţii mele domn,
De ce nu vii tu? Vină!

Cobori în jos, luceafăr blând,
Alunecând pe-o rază,
Pătrunde-n casă şi în gând
Şi viaţa-mi luminează!

El asculta tremurător,
Se aprindea mai tare
Şi s-arunca fulgerător,
Se cufunda în mare;

Şi apa unde-au fost căzut
În cercuri se roteşte,
Şi din adânc necunoscut
Un mândru tânăr creşte.

Uşor el trece ca pe prag
Pe marginea ferestei
Şi ţine-n mână un toiag
Încununat cu trestii.

Părea un tânăr voievod
Cu păr de aur moale,
Un vânăt giulgi se-ncheie nod
Pe umerele goale.

Iar umbra feţei străvezii
E albă ca de ceară –
Un mort frumos cu ochii vii
Ce scânteie-n afară.

– Din sfera mea venii cu greu
Ca să-ţi urmez chemarea,
Iar cerul este tatăl meu
Şi mumă-mea e marea.

Ca în cămara ta să vin,
Să te privesc de-aproape,
Am coborât cu-al meu senin
Şi m-am născut din ape.

O, vin’! odorul meu nespus,
Şi lumea ta o lasă;
Eu sunt luceafărul de sus,
Iar tu să-mi fii mireasă.

Colo-n palate de mărgean
Te-oi duce veacuri multe,
Şi toată lumea-n ocean
De tine o s-asculte.

– O, eşti frumos, cum numa-n vis
Un înger se arată,
Dară pe calea ce-ai deschis
N-oi merge niciodată;

Străin la vorbă şi la port,
Luceşti fără de viaţă,
Căci eu sunt vie, tu eşti mort,
Şi ochiul tău mă-ngheaţă.

Trecu o zi, trecură trei
Şi iarăşi, noaptea, vine
Luceafărul deasupra ei
Cu razele-i senine.

Ea trebui de el în somn
Aminte să-şi aducă
Şi dor de-al valurilor domn
De inim-o apucă:

– Cobori în jos, luceafăr blând,
Alunecând pe-o rază,
Pătrunde-n casă şi în gând
Şi viaţa-mi luminează!

Cum el din cer o auzi,
Se stinse cu durere,
Iar ceru-ncepe a roti
În locul unde piere;

În aer rumene văpăi
Se-ntind pe lumea-ntreagă,
Şi din a chaosului văi
Un mândru chip se-ncheagă;

Pe negre viţele-i de păr
Coroana-i arde pare,
Venea plutind în adevăr
Scăldat în foc de soare.

Din negru giulgi se desfăşor
Marmoreele braţe,
El vine trist şi gânditor
Şi palid e la faţă;

Dar ochii mari şi minunaţi
Lucesc adânc himeric,
Ca două patimi fără saţ
Şi pline de-ntuneric.

– Din sfera mea venii cu greu
Ca să te-ascult ş-acuma,
Şi soarele e tatăl meu,
Iar noaptea-mi este muma;

O, vin’, odorul meu nespus,
Şi lumea ta o lasă;
Eu sunt luceafărul de sus,
Iar tu să-mi fii mireasă.

O, vin’, în părul tău bălai
S-anin cununi de stele,
Pe-a mele ceruri să răsai
Mai mândră decât ele.

– O, eşti frumos cum numa-n vis
Un demon se arată,
Dară pe calea ce-ai deschis
N-oi merge niciodată!

Mă dor de crudul tău amor
A pieptului meu coarde,
Şi ochii mari şi grei mă dor,
Privirea ta mă arde.

– Dar cum ai vrea să mă cobor?
Au nu-nţelegi tu oare,
Cum că eu sunt nemuritor,
Şi tu eşti muritoare?

– Nu caut vorbe pe ales,
Nici ştiu cum aş începe –
Deşi vorbeşti pe înţeles,
Eu nu te pot pricepe;

Dar dacă vrei cu crezământ
Să te-ndrăgesc pe tine,
Tu te coboară pe pământ,
Fii muritor ca mine.

– Tu-mi cei chiar nemurirea mea
În schimb pe-o sărutare,
Dar voi să ştii asemenea
Cât te iubesc de tare;

Da, mă voi naşte din păcat,
Primind o altă lege;
Cu vecinicia sunt legat,
Ci voi să mă dezlege.

Şi se tot duce… S-a tot dus.
De dragu-unei copile,
S-a rupt din locul lui de sus,
Pierind mai multe zile.

În vremea asta Cătălin,
Viclean copil de casă,
Ce umple cupele cu vin
Mesenilor la masă,

Un paj ce poartă pas cu pas
A-mpărătesii rochii,
Băiat din flori şi de pripas,
Dar îndrăzneţ cu ochii,

Cu obrăjei ca doi bujori
De rumeni, bată-i vina,
Se furişează pânditor
Privind la Cătălina.

Dar ce frumoasă se făcu
Şi mândră, arz-o focul;
Ei, Cătălin, acu-i acu
Ca să-ţi încerci norocul.

Şi-n treacăt o cuprinse lin
Într-un ungher degrabă.
– Da’ ce vrei, mări Cătălin?
Ia du-t’ de-ţi vezi de treabă.

– Ce voi? Aş vrea să nu mai stai
Pe gânduri totdeauna,
Să râzi mai bine şi să-mi dai
O gură, numai una.

– Dar nici nu ştiu măcar ce-mi ceri,
Dă-mi pace, fugi departe –
O, de luceafărul din cer
M-a prins un dor de moarte.

– Dacă nu ştii, ţi-aş arăta
Din bob în bob amorul,
Ci numai nu te mânia,
Ci stai cu binişorul.

Cum vânătoru-ntinde-n crâng
La păsărele laţul,
Când ţi-oi întinde braţul stâng
Să mă cuprinzi cu braţul;

Şi ochii tăi nemişcători
Sub ochii mei rămâie…
De te înalţ de subsuori
Te-nalţă din călcâie;

Când faţa mea se pleacă-n jos,
În sus rămâi cu faţa,
Să ne privim nesăţios
Şi dulce toată viaţa;

Şi ca să-ţi fie pe deplin
Iubirea cunoscută,
Când sărutându-te mă-nclin,
Tu iarăşi mă sărută.

Ea-l asculta pe copilaş
Uimită şi distrasă,
Şi ruşinos şi drăgălaş,
Mai nu vrea, mai se lasă,

Şi-i zice-ncet: – Încă de mic
Te cunoşteam pe tine,
Şi guraliv şi de nimic,
Te-ai potrivi cu mine…

Dar un luceafăr, răsărit
Din liniştea uitării,
Dă orizon nemărginit
Singurătăţii mării;

Şi tainic genele le plec,
Căci mi le umple plânsul
Când ale apei valuri trec
Călătorind spre dânsul;

Luceşte c-un amor nespus,
Durerea să-mi alunge,
Dar se înalţă tot mai sus,
Ca să nu-l pot ajunge.

Pătrunde trist cu raze reci
Din lumea ce-l desparte…
În veci îl voi iubi şi-n veci
Va rămânea departe…

De-aceea zilele îmi sunt
Pustii ca nişte stepe,
Dar nopţile-s de-un farmec sfânt
Ce nu-l mai pot pricepe.

– Tu eşti copilă, asta e…
Hai ş-om fugi în lume,
Doar ni s-or pierde urmele
Şi nu ne-or şti de nume,

Căci amândoi vom fi cuminţi,
Vom fi voioşi şi teferi,
Vei pierde dorul de părinţi
Şi visul de luceferi.

Porni luceafărul. Creşteau
În cer a lui aripe,
Şi căi de mii de ani treceau
În tot atâtea clipe.

Un cer de stele dedesubt,
Deasupra-i cer de stele –
Părea un fulger ne’ntrerupt
Rătăcitor prin ele.

Şi din a chaosului văi,
Jur împrejur de sine,
Vedea, ca-n ziua cea dentâi,
Cum izvorau lumine;

Cum izvorând îl înconjor
Ca nişte mări, de-a-notul…
El zboară, gând purtat de dor,
Pân’ piere totul, totul;

Căci unde-ajunge nu-i hotar,
Nici ochi spre a cunoaşte,
Şi vremea-ncearcă în zadar
Din goluri a se naşte.

Nu e nimic şi totuşi e
O sete care-l soarbe,
E un adânc asemene
Uitării celei oarbe.

– De greul negrei vecinicii,
Părinte, mă dezleagă
Şi lăudat pe veci să fii
Pe-a lumii scară-ntreagă;

O, cere-mi, Doamne, orice preţ
Dar dă-mi o altă soarte,
Căci tu izvor eşti de vieţi
Şi dătător de moarte;

Reia-mi al nemuririi nimb
Şi focul din privire,
Şi pentru toate dă-mi în schimb
O oră de iubire…

Din chaos, Doamne,-am apărut
Şi m-aş întoarce-n chaos…
Şi din repaos m-am născut,
Mi-e sete de repaos.

– Hyperion, ce din genuni
Răsai c-o-ntreagă lume,
Nu cere semne şi minuni
Care n-au chip şi nume;

Tu vrei un om să te socoţi
Cu ei să te asameni?
Dar piară oamenii cu toţi,
S-ar naşte iarăşi oameni.

Ei numai doar durează-n vânt
Deşerte idealuri –
Când valuri află un mormânt,
Răsar în urmă valuri;

Ei doar au stele cu noroc
Şi prigoniri de soarte,
Noi nu avem nici timp, nici loc
Şi nu cunoaştem moarte.

Din sânul vecinicului ieri
Trăieşte azi ce moare,
Un soare de s-ar stinge-n cer
S-aprinde iarăşi soare;

Părând pe veci a răsări,
Din urmă moartea-l paşte,
Căci toţi se nasc spre a muri
Şi mor spre a se naşte.

Iar tu, Hyperion, rămâi
Oriunde ai apune…
Cere-mi cuvântul meu dentâi –
Să-ţi dau înţelepciune?

Vrei să dau glas acelei guri,
Ca dup-a ei cântare
Să se ia munţii cu păduri
Şi insulele-n mare?

Vrei poate-n faptă să arăţi
Dreptate şi tărie?
Ţi-aş da pământul în bucăţi
Să-l faci împărăţie.

Îţi dau catarg lângă catarg,
Oştiri spre a străbate
Pământu-n lung şi marea-n larg,
Dar moartea nu se poate…

Şi pentru cine vrei să mori?
Întoarce-te, te-ndreaptă
Spre-acel pământ rătăcitor
Şi vezi ce te aşteaptă.

În locul lui menit din cer
Hyperion se-ntoarse
Şi, ca şi-n ziua cea de ieri,
Lumina şi-o revarsă.

Căci este sara-n asfinţit
Şi noaptea o să-nceapă;
Răsare luna liniştit
Şi tremurând din apă

Şi umple cu-ale ei scântei
Cărările din crânguri.
Sub şirul lung de mândri tei
Şedeau doi tineri singuri:

– O, lasă-mi capul meu pe sân,
Iubito, să se culce
Sub raza ochiului senin
Şi negrăit de dulce;

Cu farmecul luminii reci
Gândirile străbate-mi,
Revarsă linişte de veci
Pe noaptea mea de patimi.

Şi de asupra mea rămâi
Durerea mea de-o curmă,
Căci eşti iubirea mea dentâi
Şi visul meu din urmă.

Hyperion vedea de sus
Uimirea-n a lor faţă:
Abia un braţ pe gât i-a pus
Şi ea l-a prins în braţe…

Miroase florile-argintii
Şi cad, o dulce ploaie,
Pe creştetele-a doi copii
Cu plete lungi, bălaie.

Ea, îmbătată de amor,
Ridică ochii. Vede
Luceafărul. Şi-ncetişor
Dorinţele-i încrede:

– Cobori în jos, luceafăr blând,
Alunecând pe-o rază,
Pătrunde-n codru şi în gând,
Norocu-mi luminează!

El tremură ca alte dăţi
În codri şi pe dealuri,
Călăuzind singurătăţi
De mişcătoare valuri;

Dar nu mai cade ca-n trecut
În mări din tot înaltul:
– Ce-ţi pasă ţie, chip de lut,
Dac-oi fi eu sau altul?

Trăind în cercul vostru strâmt
Norocul vă petrece,
Ci eu în lumea mea mă simt
Nemuritor şi rece.

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12 mobile photography tips every photpgrapher should know


12 Mobile Photography Tips Every Photographer Should Know

Posted by Paul Moore | February 6, 2015

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source:http://iphonephotographyschool.com/mobile-photography-tips/
Anyone can pick up an iPhone and take a photo, but it takes a more skilled photographer to create a truly great image. Taking incredible photos with an iPhone is actually very easy, as long as you follow some important guidelines on focus, exposure, composition and photo editing. In this article, you’ll discover 12 essential techniques that every serious mobile photographer should know.

 

If you’re just starting out with mobile photography, you should master these twelve techniques before anything else. Even if you’re an an accomplished iPhone photographer, you may well find that some of these tips and tricks have passed you by.

So, let’s get started with everything you need to know for taking amazing photos with your iPhone!

1. Clean The Lens

Your iPhone spends a lot of time in your pocket, a bag or in your hand, and as a result it will get dirty. Dirt, dust, grease and fingerprints on your lens will have a big effect on the quality of your photos.

There’s no point trying to take great photos if the glass of the lens is dirty. It will block light from entering the camera’s sensor and will leave smudges, blurs or dust spots on your images. A clean lens will ensure you get sharp, clear images with your iPhone.

 

You should clean the lens each time you take it out to take a photo. Use a soft lens cloth when doing this as any abrasive cleaners will scratch the glass over the lens and this will result in poorer image quality.

2. Set The Focus

The most important thing to look out for when taking a photo is to make sure that your subject is in sharp focus. To set the focus on the iPhone camera you simply tap the screen where your subject is in the frame. A small yellow square will appear to confirm the focus point.

If your subject is moving around, make sure you tap the screen just before you take the shot to ensure that they are in focus.

 

Once you’re happy that you have gotten a sharp photo of your subject, you can draw more attention to them if you wish by using one of the many apps available to blur the background as part of your editing process.

 

3. Adjust Exposure Manually

When you tap on the subject to focus on them, the camera will also use the focus point to set the exposure in the shot. Exposure simply refers to how bright or dark the image is.

Allowing the camera to set exposure on the focus point isn’t always ideal. For example, if the subject is in a dark area of the frame, this could lead to the overall image being over-exposed (too bright) or vice versa.

 

In iOS 8, Apple introduced a new manual exposure tool. When you set the focus by tapping the screen, a small sun icon appears on the side of the focus square. When you see the sun icon, simply swipe up or down on the screen to adjust the exposure slider.

Swiping up will brighten the overall image, and swiping down will darken it. When you’re happy with the exposure/brightness of the image, release your finger from the screen. This manual exposure slider allows for much greater control over the look of the final image.

 

4. Don’t Use The Zoom

The iPhone has a zoom function which you can access by pinching or stretching two fingers on the screen. This brings up a zoom slider which you can slide with your finger to zoom in and get a closer view of your subject.

Unfortunately this is a digital zoom and not an optical zoom. In essence what happens with a digital zoom is that the image is cropped as you zoom in. This results in a noticeable loss in image quality the more you zoom in.

If you want to take a photo of a far away subject, don’t use the zoom. Walk closer instead and use the camera as normal without any zoom. You’ll end up with a far better quality shot.

Alternatively you can crop the image yourself in the editing process to bring the viewer closer to your subject. Cropping afterwards gives you more control over how much of the image you want to remove.

 

In this example the lighthouse and boats were on the far side of the harbor and looked very small in the original image. As I didn’t have the choice of walking closer to get a better shot, I just cropped the image to make it look like I was closer than I was.

5. Keep Your Camera Steady

Keeping your camera still is particularly important when taking photos in low light or at night. When you take a photo in these conditions, the iPhone camera will need to use a slow shutter speed to allow more light to hit the sensor. The problem with this is that any movement of the camera will result in a blurred image.

 

To avoid blurry iPhone photos you should hold the phone with both hands or rest it on a solid surface to keep it steady. You could also use a tripod. There are a number of tripods designed specifically for the iPhone such as the GorrillaPod by Joby.

When using a tripod, you can be extra careful by using the timer button on the left-hand side of the camera screen. Place the camera on the tripod and set the timer to 3 seconds.

When the photo is taken you won’t be touching the phone at all which means the camera will be perfectly still when you take the shot. This is taking things to extremes but could be useful in some very low light situations.

 

Another trick here is to connect your headphones to the iPhone and use the volume buttons on the headphones as the shutter release. This means that you can put the phone on a tripod and take a shot with physically touching it, avoiding any chance of camera shake.

6. Use The Rule Of Thirds

Getting focus and exposure right is crucial in photography, but composition is equally important. Without good composition, your photo isn’t likely to be very eye-catching.

The rule of thirds is one of the most useful composition techniques in photography. It’s an important concept to learn as it can be used in all types of photography to produce images which are more engaging and better balanced.

The rule of thirds involves mentally dividing up your image using two horizontal lines and two vertical lines, as shown below. You then position the important elements in your scene along those lines, or at the points where they meet.

 

You should try and put your subject in line with one of the vertical lines. If there is a horizon in your photo, it should be in line with one of the horizontal lines. The idea behind the rule of thirds is that the off-centre composition makes for a more interesting shot.

On the iPhone you can place a grid over the screen which will help you when you’re trying to compose a shot. To display the grid, go into Settings, Photos & Camera, then turn the Grid on.

For beginners it’s very useful to leave the grid on as it will help train your eye. In this example the boy is in line with the right hand vertical line and the horizon is in line with the bottom horizontal line.

As always, rules are made to be broken! Sometimes the situation calls for a different approach. In this example my son is in the centre of the frame. Normally this would be considered an absolute no-no but it works here because it adds to the sense of the forest surrounding him, creating a fairytale like mood.

 

It’s important to learn the rule before breaking it though! So learn to compose your shots using the rule of thirds, then once you’re happy with it, try breaking it on purpose sometimes to create a different impact in your image. As always with photography, don’t be afraid to experiment. You might be surprised with the results.

7. Use Leading Lines

Leading lines can be another very useful compositional tool. Using leading lines in a photo can help to focus the viewer’s eye on the main subject and lead the eye deeper into the image. It’s a simple technique that involves using vertical, horizontal or converging lines to focus attention on the subject of your image.

 

In this example the converging lines of the railings on this diving platform in Salthill, Galway lead your eyes to the stairs that subsequently lead your view up to the figure silhouette against the sky.

When taking photos with your iPhone, you should always be aware of any leading lines in the frame as they may lead the viewer’s attention away from your intended subject. You might need to change the position that you’re shooting from in order to make the most of any lines in your scene.

 

8. Shoot From Different Perspectives

You should always look at alternative points of view when taking your photos at any location. Most beginners will take shots from a standing position, but the beauty of the iPhone is that it’s so small and light it can be used in places that a bigger camera wouldn’t work.

 

You should consider getting down low and shooting from ground level as in the example above. This technique is great for creating a unique view of your scene that people normally wouldn’t see from standing height.

You could also try shooting from high up to get a bird’s eye view of your subject. In this example my son had just gotten his first hole-in-one in crazy golf. By shooting from directly above I was able to capture his happiness at his achievement while also showing the ball in the hole.

 

If I’d shot this from any other angle this wouldn’t have been possible. The advantage of digital photography is that you can take as many shots from as many different perspectives as you wish and then just delete the ones that didn’t work.

9. Watch Out For Distracting Backgrounds

If you have a cluttered background in your photos it can distract attention away from your intended subject. If the backdrop to your photo has a lot of clashing and distracting colors, the best solution in this situation is to convert the photo to black and white.

 

By eliminating all color, the distraction is removed. In the original of this example, the items behind the weaver were different colors and took all the attention away from his face which should be the focal point of the image.

 

Another solution is to avoid cluttered backgrounds altogether. One way to do this is to get down low and used the sky as your backdrop. This really helps your subject stand out, as you can see in the photo above. This photo is also a good example of leading lines and the rule of thirds that were discussed earlier.

10. Take Multiple Shots

If you see something that catches your eye don’t just take one shot and hope for the best. The chances of getting a good photo with your first shot are very slim. You should take shots from various angles and distances.

 

Keep reviewing your photos as you go to get an idea of what is and what isn’t working. If you find an angle or point of view you like then take multiple shots from that position. This helps ensure that you get a well composed shot that is in sharp focus.

 

The beauty of digital photography is that you can delete all the photos that didn’t work… and there will be a lot that don’t work! Also don’t be afraid to take bad shots. No one will ever see them.

 

These four shots were the only ones that I was happy with from a recent trip to the River Shannon, Ireland’s longest river.

 

I took almost 100 photos while I was there, but the majority were unusable due to various different issues – mainly down to the low light conditions and the fact I was shooting directly into the sun. No one will ever see the other 96 photos I took that day!

11. Use Panorama Mode

There are certain situations where the standard camera just won’t do justice to the scene you’re trying to capture. For example, you might want to take a shot of an expansive landscape, a cityscape or a wide building, but can’t fit everything in the frame. This is where you should use panorama mode.

 

You can access panorama mode by swiping left on the camera screen until you see Pano selected. You then hold the camera upright (in portrait orientation) pointing at the left hand side of the scene you wish to capture.

Now tap the shutter button and pan the camera slowly to the right to capture the full scene. When you reach the end just tap the shutter button to stop the capture.

 

Pano mode uses the iPhone’s built in motion sensor. When panning across the scene, try to keep the point of the arrow on the yellow line, tilting the camera any time the arrow moves off the line. Panning slowly will ensure you get a better image.

12. Don’t Over-Process Your Photos

Finally, you should resist the urge to use too many apps or overly strong effects when editing your photos. A lot of beginners make the mistake of thinking that using photo editing apps will turn a bad photo into a good one. It won’t. I know from experience. I have tried it enough over the years!

 

Before using any apps you should concentrate on getting a sharp, well composed shot. Apps can work well to enhance a good photo, but not a bad one.

The most common mistake is the overuse of HDR apps. HDR can be useful for bringing out lost detail in dark photos but it needs to be used with restraint.

In this case I used the HDR tool from Snapseed on its maximum setting. I then added in some birds from the AlienSky app and a lightning bolt using the LensLight app.

 

But the original image was too dark to begin with so I just ended up with a grainy, over-saturated mess when I applied the full HDR effect. I added in the lightning and birds to show that if these effects are used out of context they can look ridiculous. Again this is something I’ve been guilty of over the years.

So edit your iPhone photos with restraint. Only apply effects that will enhance the natural beauty of the photo. Watch out for the appearance of grain and overly saturated colors when you’re adjusting exposure and color settings. Dial back the settings if you think you’ve gone overboard.

For beginners it’s very useful to leave the grid on as it will help train your eye. In this example the boy is in line with the right hand vertical line and the horizon is in line with the bottom horizontal line.

As always, rules are made to be broken! Sometimes the situation calls for a different approach. In this example my son is in the centre of the frame. Normally this would be considered an absolute no-no but it works here because it adds to the sense of the forest surrounding him, creating a fairytale like mood.

 

It’s important to learn the rule before breaking it though! So learn to compose your shots using the rule of thirds, then once you’re happy with it, try breaking it on purpose sometimes to create a different impact in your image. As always with photography, don’t be afraid to experiment. You might be surprised with the results.

7. Use Leading Lines

Leading lines can be another very useful compositional tool. Using leading lines in a photo can help to focus the viewer’s eye on the main subject and lead the eye deeper into the image. It’s a simple technique that involves using vertical, horizontal or converging lines to focus attention on the subject of your image.

 

In this example the converging lines of the railings on this diving platform in Salthill, Galway lead your eyes to the stairs that subsequently lead your view up to the figure silhouette against the sky.

When taking photos with your iPhone, you should always be aware of any leading lines in the frame as they may lead the viewer’s attention away from your intended subject. You might need to change the position that you’re shooting from in order to make the most of any lines in your scene.

 

8. Shoot From Different Perspectives

You should always look at alternative points of view when taking your photos at any location. Most beginners will take shots from a standing position, but the beauty of the iPhone is that it’s so small and light it can be used in places that a bigger camera wouldn’t work.

 

You should consider getting down low and shooting from ground level as in the example above. This technique is great for creating a unique view of your scene that people normally wouldn’t see from standing height.

You could also try shooting from high up to get a bird’s eye view of your subject. In this example my son had just gotten his first hole-in-one in crazy golf. By shooting from directly above I was able to capture his happiness at his achievement while also showing the ball in the hole.

 

If I’d shot this from any other angle this wouldn’t have been possible. The advantage of digital photography is that you can take as many shots from as many different perspectives as you wish and then just delete the ones that didn’t work.

9. Watch Out For Distracting Backgrounds

If you have a cluttered background in your photos it can distract attention away from your intended subject. If the backdrop to your photo has a lot of clashing and distracting colors, the best solution in this situation is to convert the photo to black and white.

 

By eliminating all color, the distraction is removed. In the original of this example, the items behind the weaver were different colors and took all the attention away from his face which should be the focal point of the image.

 

Another solution is to avoid cluttered backgrounds altogether. One way to do this is to get down low and used the sky as your backdrop. This really helps your subject stand out, as you can see in the photo above. This photo is also a good example of leading lines and the rule of thirds that were discussed earlier.

10. Take Multiple Shots

If you see something that catches your eye don’t just take one shot and hope for the best. The chances of getting a good photo with your first shot are very slim. You should take shots from various angles and distances.

 

Keep reviewing your photos as you go to get an idea of what is and what isn’t working. If you find an angle or point of view you like then take multiple shots from that position. This helps ensure that you get a well composed shot that is in sharp focus.

 

The beauty of digital photography is that you can delete all the photos that didn’t work… and there will be a lot that don’t work! Also don’t be afraid to take bad shots. No one will ever see them.

 

These four shots were the only ones that I was happy with from a recent trip to the River Shannon, Ireland’s longest river.

 

I took almost 100 photos while I was there, but the majority were unusable due to various different issues – mainly down to the low light conditions and the fact I was shooting directly into the sun. No one will ever see the other 96 photos I took that day!

11. Use Panorama Mode

There are certain situations where the standard camera just won’t do justice to the scene you’re trying to capture. For example, you might want to take a shot of an expansive landscape, a cityscape or a wide building, but can’t fit everything in the frame. This is where you should use panorama mode.

 

You can access panorama mode by swiping left on the camera screen until you see Pano selected. You then hold the camera upright (in portrait orientation) pointing at the left hand side of the scene you wish to capture.

Now tap the shutter button and pan the camera slowly to the right to capture the full scene. When you reach the end just tap the shutter button to stop the capture.

 

Pano mode uses the iPhone’s built in motion sensor. When panning across the scene, try to keep the point of the arrow on the yellow line, tilting the camera any time the arrow moves off the line. Panning slowly will ensure you get a better image.

12. Don’t Over-Process Your Photos

Finally, you should resist the urge to use too many apps or overly strong effects when editing your photos. A lot of beginners make the mistake of thinking that using photo editing apps will turn a bad photo into a good one. It won’t. I know from experience. I have tried it enough over the years!

 

Before using any apps you should concentrate on getting a sharp, well composed shot. Apps can work well to enhance a good photo, but not a bad one.

The most common mistake is the overuse of HDR apps. HDR can be useful for bringing out lost detail in dark photos but it needs to be used with restraint.

In this case I used the HDR tool from Snapseed on its maximum setting. I then added in some birds from the AlienSky app and a lightning bolt using the LensLight app.

 

But the original image was too dark to begin with so I just ended up with a grainy, over-saturated mess when I applied the full HDR effect. I added in the lightning and birds to show that if these effects are used out of context they can look ridiculous. Again this is something I’ve been guilty of over the years.

So edit your iPhone photos with restraint. Only apply effects that will enhance the natural beauty of the photo. Watch out for the appearance of grain and overly saturated colors when you’re adjusting exposure and color settings. Dial back the settings if you think you’ve gone overboard.

These tips should help you on your way to taking much better photos with your iPhone. Some of the tips, such as using leading lines and the rule of thirds, will be useful no matter what type of camera you use. The most important thing to remember is to keep taking photos and have fun!

If you want to learn more about your iPhone camera’s features, as well as iPhone photography accessories, photo editing apps and tips on sharing your photos, you should also read our beginners guide to incredible iPhone photography.

For more tips on how to take better photos with your iPhone, check out our tutorial covering 10 iPhone photography tips to quickly improve your photos.

If you also want to take incredible photos with your iPhone, please join 138,712 subscribers who receive our Email tips free iPhone photography email tips that you won’t find anywhere on this website.

Iarna la Sinaia


Sinaia este cu siguranta cel mai frumos loc din Romania pe timpul iernii si mai ales cand e zãpadã si ninge. Peisajele sunt de basm așa cum se poate vedea si în fotografiile de mai jos.

Mai ales cu ocazia mini-vacantei de 01.12.2016 Sinaia merita sa fie vizitata de cât mai mulți turiști.

Fotografii realizare de Maria Floricică.

The right mood-starea necesară


image Pentru a scrie sau  a creea ceva ai nevoie de o stare necesara actului de creatie, in speta acel moment cand te loveste inspiratia. Un cunoscut blogger scria ca pentru a avea cat mai multe subiecte pentru publicat pe site e bine sa iesi cat mai des din casă.

Cele mai maulte subiecte si fotografii le-am gasit si realizat in drumetiile pe munte, dar asta nu inseamna ca nu gasesti subiecte si pe net.


Important e sa scrii ceva cu mesaj care sa fie citit.

Urmaresc cateva bloguri de succes si cateva se regasesc cu link-uri de trimitere si pe aceasta pagina. Important de precizat este faptul ca pana la 3 gigabiti de stocare iti ofera si prezentul site ,,worldpress” dar exista si alte site-uri care ofera spatiu pentru gazduirea unui blog.

Acestea fiind zise nu ramane decat sa incercati sa creati o pagina de blog. Succes! 🙂

Toamna, acest pictor minunat


Cea mai buna perioada pentru realizat fotografii este toamna, pentru ca poti gasi in natura cele mai frumoase culori din timpul anului.

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Find pe drum nu pot lua mereu dslr-ul dupa mine asa ca realizez pozele mai mult cu telefonul, un iphone 5s care face poze destul de decente.

Cand am timp mai iau camera foto cu mine si mai trag cateva cadre, insa cele mai multe poze le-am facut din balcon.

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In imaginile de mai sus se poate observa ce culori superbe poate realiza toamna. Pentru editare folosesc Adobe Lightroom 3, inainte lucram cu Photoshop-ul, dar Lightroom-ul are o interfata mai prietenoasa si de aceea prefer sa lucrez cu el.

Imi place sa urmaresc bloguri de fotografie si recunosc ca ma pasioneaza fotografiile realizate cu telefonul pentru ca il poti avea mereu la indemana si prinzi momente din zi pe care le poti rata daca nu ai mereu aparatul foto cu tine.

Bineînțeles ca aplicatia favorită este Instagramul unde am gadit adevarate capodopere, opera de arta in fotografie.

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Acestea fiind zise nu imi ramane decat sa va urez lumina buna si nu uitati sa exersati pentru ca un cadru bun apare dupa vreo 200-300 de cadre nereusite,  va spun din proprie experienta 🙂